Foreigners face a multitude of challenges as they go through the immigration process to attain legal status within Russia, with rules which are complicated and constantly changing, written in such a way that can be confusing or intimidating to someone without a legal background.

Legal aid assistance is provided by attorneys who are specialized in helping migrants navigate the difficult immigration process.

These attorneys can assist with the legalization of foreigners, provide aid in obtaining citizenship and provide legal services for businesses where foreign workers are employed, etc. The head of this department is (  Viktoria Orlova ) a lawyer and member of the International Association of Russian-Speaking Lawyers.

In order to remain in Russia legally, you will be required to present documents which state the purpose of your visit, and the estimated duration of your stay.

If the purpose of your visit is to work, you will need to apply for a Patent (if you are a citizen of the countries neighboring Russia), or Work Permit (to get a work visa).

If you intend to relocate permanently to Russia, you will need to apply for a temporary residence permit, residence permit or citizenship.

Types of Service

Subpart 1:1. Citizenship

Obtaining citizenship is our problem, not yours.

Citizenship for migrants arriving in Russia remains extremely problematic.  The flow of immigrants wishing to acquire citizenship in the Russian Federation never diminishes, even in times of crisis.  The procedure to attain Russian citizenship becomes more complicated every year.

Currently, in accordance with Federal Law №62-FZ, dated 31.05.2002g. On Citizenship of the Russian Federation” (as amended in 28.06.2009 N 127-FZ) the process for acquiring Russian citizenship requires:

  1. A temporary residence permit.
  2. A residence permit (one year after obtaining a temporary residence permit).
  3. Citizenship (five years after obtaining a residence permit).

Another way to obtain Russian citizenship is through participation in the state program for resettlement of compatriots. This method only takes one year.

Citizens of Ukraine and Tajikistan are also recommended to apply for citizenship through the recognition of native Russian speakers.

Recognition of Native-Russian Language speakers

Native Russian speakers are recognized by a special commission, which includes representatives of the Office of the Migration Affairs of the Russian Federation. The Commission questions the applicant to determine how well the person speaks Russian – whether they understand, for example, the importance of proverbs or phraseology.

To obtain the status of Russian Language Speaker”, the applicant also needs:

  1. a residence permit;
  2. verifiable evidence that their direct ancestors resided in the territory of the Russian Federation, on territory belonging to the Russian Empire or the Soviet Union, or within the State border of the Russian Federation.

A foreigner with the status of Russian speaker, has the right to apply for Russian citizenship in a simplified manner, provided they have waived their existing national citizenship. This rule does not apply to citizens of Ukraine. To confirm cancellation of Ukrainian citizenship it is enough to send a notarized waiver of citizenship of Ukraine to the relevant authorities.

    1. General procedure for attaining citizenship status

As mentioned above, this method allows a foreign citizen to submit documents for citizenship following five years of residence, based on possession of a residence permit.

This method is very time consuming and inefficient. It is difficult to submit documents to the bodies of Research Affairs of the Russian Federation – migration management in this case. There are many requirements, including continuity of employment and confirmation of wage rates. The decision on citizenship in this case, has no executive body, and the Citizenship Commission comes under the President of the Russian Federation.

    1. The simplified procedure for attaining citizenship status

On April 16, 2014 the law was amended. On Citizenship of the Russian Federation” and Certain Legislative Acts simplified the process of obtaining Russian citizenship for certain groups of people.  At that time grounds for obtaining citizenship of the Russian Federation became:

  • Having direct ancestors who lived in the territory of the Soviet Union, within the national borders of modern Russia or in the realm of Tsarist Russia;
  • Having parents who live in Russia and who have Russian citizenship;
  • Marriage to a citizen/national of the Russian Federation for at least three years;
  • Having a child who is a citizen of Russia. This foundation is only effective if the second parent of the child who is a national of the Russian Federation has died, has been deprived of parental rights, has been declared missing, or is incapacitated;
  • Having an adult child who is a citizen of Russia and recognized as incapable or of limited capacity. However, this foundation is only effective if the second parent of the child who is a national of the Russian Federation, has died, has been deprived of parental rights, has been declared missing or is incapacitated;
  • Being incapacitated but having a competent adult child who has citizenship of the Russian Federation;
  • Being recognized as a speaker of Russian and residing lawfully in the territory of Russia;
  • A ‘skilled specialist’ may apply if they work in Russia for at least three years in an occupation, profession or office, which is included in the list of acceptable trades, professions or positions;
  • Individual entrepreneurs operating in Russia established by the Government engaged in economic activities for at least three years (annual revenues from these business activities must not be less than ten million rubles);
  • Being educated in a Russian educational or scientific organization in Russia after July 1, 2002 and working at least three years in the country;
  • Investing and contributing at least ten percent to the authorized capital of a legal entity that is Russian, and which is operating on the territory of a country established by the Government of Russia. The size of its share capital and the size of its net assets must not be less than 100 million rubles every year, or the amount of taxes and mandatory insurance payments paid must be at least six million rubles every year for at least three years from the date of the investment.

A foreign national, or a stateless person, is entitled, based on that status, to apply for the simplified form of obtaining Russian citizenship for citizens of the CIS in 2015 and other countries.

Requirements for obtaining Russian citizenship in a simplified manner.

A simplified form of obtaining Russian citizenship can be available for persons who meet certain requirements.

  1. They must be resident in the territory of the Russian Federation and have a residence permit;
  2. Have a permanent record;
  3. Their livelihood should be legal;
  4. They must renounce their current citizenship;
  5. They must be proficient in the Russian language, sufficient to communicate in oral and written form (except for people with disabilities, Group 1, incapacitated citizens, men over 65 and women older than 60 years).

These requirements do not apply to stateless persons, or in cases where the person is a citizen of a state with which Russia has signed an international treaty providing for refugees. Russian citizenship in a simplified manner for stateless persons is applied on the above grounds.

The simplified process for Russian citizenship without a residence permit.

According to Russian legislation, only three categories of person may obtain Russian citizenship in a simplified manner without first obtaining a residence permit.

These include World War II veterans who previously held citizenship of the USSR. They must live in the territory of Russia, have a temporary residence permit, residence registration, have given up foreign citizenship and have had their command of the Russian language confirmed.

Presence of a residence permit and the duration of residence within Russia is of no consequence for receiving Russian citizenship for members of the State program to assist the voluntary resettlement to the Russian compatriots living abroad, and members of their families who are registered at the place of residence (with permanent residence registration) in the Russian Federation. It is enough to have a residence registration and have renounced any foreign citizenship. This option is suitable for obtaining Russian citizenship in a simplified manner for the Ukrainians in 2015 for Donetsk People's Republic and Luhansk People's Republic citizens.

Available assistance in obtaining citizenship includes:

  1. Assistance in the collection of the documents necessary for submission of the application;
  2. Accelerated application by the control and management of the document submission by the Migration Affairs of the Russian Federation.
    1. Recognition of citizenship in court

Citizenship can be recognized by the court if they were actually living in the Russian Federation as of 06.02.1992g., i.e. the point at which Federal Law N 1948-1 of November 28, 1991 On Citizenship of the Russian Federation” came into force.

If the immigrant had legal permanent residence in the Russian Federation as of 06.02.1992g, they will be considered a citizen of the Russian Federation, based on claim 1 of Article 13 of the Act.

This provision applies only to citizens of the former Soviet Union, and is not for citizens of a foreign state.

Assistance in obtaining a residence permit, or a temporary residence permit (taking the quota into account) includes the following services:

  1. A temporary residence permit (RWP)

In accordance with Art. 6 of the Federal Law №115-FZ dated 25.07.2002. On the legal status of citizens in the Russian Federation”, a temporary residence permit may be issued to a foreign citizen within the quota approved by the Government of Russian Federation”. In cases determined by law (birth on Russian territory, the presence of relatives, Russians, participation in government programs to promote voluntary resettlement of compatriots to the Russian Federation, etc.) a temporary residence permit can be obtained outside the allocated quota.

A temporary residence permit is fundamentally different from a temporary stay of foreign citizens in the Russian Federation; as the latter implies a presence in Russia only within the validity of a visa or, for countries that are allowed visa-free entry, less than three months.

A temporary residence permit is issued for three years and is the first and necessary step to obtaining citizenship.

A professional lawyer to help them obtain a temporary residence permit quota (if necessary), by helping in the collection of documents and supervising the passage of documents to the Federal Migration Service bodies.

  1. The residence permit

After six months, a foreign national with a temporary residence permit, has the right to apply for a residence permit. For the citizens of Belarus, in accordance with the agreement between the two countries, they may apply for a residence permit without going through a temporary residence permit.  The residence permit affords a foreigner equal status with citizens of the Russian Federation: they are entitled to work without needing a work permit; the tax regime would be the same as for citizens of Russia; they are entitled to practically all available social benefits. A residence permit is the best solution for those foreigners who do not want to take Russian citizenship (so as not to lose their current citizenship), but who are at the same time planning to live and work in Russia.

    1. Participation in the program of resettlement of compatriots

Participation in the government resettlement program is the fastest way to acquire Russian citizenship. The term of citizenship under this program is one year. A specialist lawyer will help you, in view of your profession and skills, to become a participant of this program and obtain Russian citizenship for a year and a half! It can save six years and solve a lot of problems.

Assistance in obtaining citizenship, according to the program of resettlement of compatriots in Russia is as follows:

      1. Promotes your candidature to the corresponding position in the Ministry of Labor;
  1. Help in getting membership of the state program of resettlement of compatriots in the Russian representative office of the Department for Migration Affairs of the Russian Federation in the respective country;
  2. Assistance in obtaining a temporary residence permit in the relevant region;
  3. Assistance in obtaining Russian citizenship.
    1. Assistance in lifting the ban on entry into the Russian Federation

In 2013, the legislation in administration became severely restrictive.

For violations of migration law, as well as a number of other violations (especially if these violations were committed on the territory of Moscow, the Moscow region, St. Petersburg or Leningrad region), citizens received a ban on entry to the Russian Federation. The term of any ban on entry varied – from three years to infinity (effectively lifelong prohibition of entry). According to the summary data of the Department for Migration Affairs of the Russian Federation Ministry, more than one million foreigners were expelled from the territory of the Russian Federation over the last year. More than four million foreigners have received a ban on entry into the Russian Federation. A lawyer can assist in lifting the ban in these cases, by applying to the court or higher authorities (Department for Migration Affairs of the Russian Federation).

    1. Overdue visa

Being in the Russian Federation beyond the validity of a visa is an immigration violation, namely breach of Clause 1.1. st.18.8 the Administrative Code, and in this case, you can only leave the country by court order. The penalties for an overdue visa include fines and administrative expulsion. In the case of administrative expulsion, after leaving the territory the Russian Federation Migration Board Research Affairs of the Russian Federation is obliged, in accordance with Art. 27 FZ Federal Law of 15.08.1996 N 114-FZ (ed. From 17.06.2019) On the Procedure for Exit from the Russian Federation and entry into the Russian Federation” (with revisions and extensions, came into effect since 07.01.2019), to decide on the unresolved entry into the Russian Federation for a period of five years.

However, with proper defense in court and properly structured court protections applied, resulting in a softer punishment, namely, a fine, a foreign national can quietly leave the territory of the Russian Federation and apply for a new visa. A ban on the entry of the Russian Federation on the part of the Migration Directorate of the MOI management is not assigned in this case. Therefore, reference to a migration lawyer is extremely important. The cost of the lawyer will depend on your particular circumstances: your country of nationality; the presence (or absence) of relatives in Russia; the length of the overstay of the visa and other factors.

When crossing the border, you must accept the court’s decision, without issuing any other documents, such as transit visas.

    1. Providing assistance for companies during the audit process by the General Administration for Migration Issues of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russian Federation

If officers of the Federal Migration Service visit your company and check your documentation without official preliminary notification about this audit, and you don't understand the goal of this visit, you should contact a lawyer immediately.

In the event of a visit by employees of the Federal Migration Service, familiarize them with your documents, even if the official of the inspection has reported and the purpose of their visit to you has remained unclear, you should immediately contact a lawyer.

Unfortunately, very often the purpose of the visit by Migration Affairs of the Russian Federation remains a mystery for the employing organization, which does not allow managers to adequately respond to the situation. The administrative document for the ongoing audit isn’t given to the manager, and the results of this test will then harm the reputation of the organization.

To avoid this situation, you must immediately contact a qualified representative. The lawyer, in this case, must be authorized to represent your interests with the Federal Migration Service authorities. He will understand the situation and suggest how to behave properly in such a situation and advise how to protect both the individual and the company from the possible arbitrariness of the officials.

Work Permits for Citizens from Far Abroad Countries

A work permit will allow you to stay and work in Russia for a year.

The process of obtaining a work permit, a gradual process, includes the need to obtain documentation from both the company and for the citizen of a country outside the former Soviet Union.

Documents necessary for foreign citizens to register and obtain work permits:

  1. Translation of passport, notarized by a Russian notary;
  2. Translation of diploma, notarized by a Russian notary, and an Apostille Certificate for the diploma if the applicant is a citizen of a country that does not have a mutual recognition of documents agreement with Russia.

The countries that have an agreement with Russia on mutual recognition of official documents are:

Albania

Algeria

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bulgaria

Croatia

Cuba

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea

Estonia

Former Yugoslavia

Georgia

Hungary

Latvia

Lithuania

Macedonia

Mongolia

Panama

Poland

Romania

Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain (Civil Registry Office documents)

Tunisia

Vietnam

Permits for a foreign labor force for companies:

Documents from the company needed to process permits for foreign citizens from abroad:

  1. A notarized copy INN - two copies;
  2. A notarized copy BIN - two copies;
  3. A notarized copy OKVEhD - two copies;
  4. If necessary - an extract is required from the register;
  5. Paid state duty of 6,000 rubles (payment to be made by bank transfer, and the payment order needs the bank’s round stamp);
  6. The package of documents prepared by the experts of our company, signed by the head of the company.

Documents from the company required for the design of work permits to citizens from abroad:

  1. Paid stamp duty;
  2. The package of documents prepared by the experts of our company, signed by the head of the organization.

The list of documents required to obtain a permit to engage citizens from abroad, for representative offices of foreign companies or foreign affiliates:

  1. A notarized copy of TIN of the branch (representative office of a foreign company) - two copies;
  2. The position of the branch;
  3. The certificate of accreditation of the branch;
  4. Certificate of Incorporation;
  5. The decision to establish a branch;
  6. Paid state duty of 6000 rubles (payment to be made by bank transfer is required on the deposit slip).

Processing time for obtaining permits for recruitment - Employment Centre: one month.

Processing time for obtaining permits from - General Administration for Migration Issues of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russian Federation”: one month.

Processing time for obtaining work permits for citizens from other countries: one month (the company has the right to request accelerated processing of documents up to two weeks).

    1. Registration of work permits for highly qualified specialists

A work permit for a highly qualified specialist provides the opportunity to live and work in Russia for three years.

A highly qualified specialist” is a recognized foreigner, whose total income during a calendar year amounts to more than two million rubles, or who is involved in certain strategically important projects (Skolkovo”).

The employer must independently carry out an assessment of skills and qualifications of foreign citizens whom they wish to recruit as highly qualified specialists, and also bear the corresponding risks.

To obtain permission for a highly qualified specialist, the employer or client of works (or services) must present a request to recruit highly qualified specialists at:

69-th km of the Moscow Ring Road

Business Park Greenwood”

35, blds. 5-6, Putilkovo village

Krasnogorsky District, Moscow Region

or representatives of Management of Migration Affairs of the Russian Federation of Russia in the home country or state of the highly qualified specialist in question.

List of required documents

For the issuance of a qualified specialist work permit, an employer or customer of works (or services), or representative authorized by them or by the organization, must supply the Managed Migration Affairs of the Russian Federation of Russia, its territorial body, office or representative of the Office Migration Affairs of the Russian Federation Russia and abroad:

    • a request for recruiting a highly qualified specialist;
    • an employment contract or civil contract for works (services) to recruit highly skilled specialist, coming into effect by receiving a work permit for the highly qualified specialist;
    • a written obligation to pay (or reimburse) the Russian Federation, the costs associated with the possible administrative expulsion from the Russian Federation or deportation of the highly qualified specialist;
    • a copy of the certificate of state registration of the employer or customer of works (or services), or an extract from the State Register of branches of foreign legal entities accredited in the prescribed manner on the territory of the Russian Federation, if the employer acts as a branch of a foreign legal entity;
    • receipt of payment of the state fee for the issue of a work permit for each foreign worker;
    • colored ID photograph of the size of 30 x 40 mm.

For the renewal of work permits for a highly qualified specialist, the employer or customer of works (or services) must apply, no later than thirty days before the expiry of such authorization, to Managed Migration Affairs of the Russian Federation in Russia or its territorial body with:

    • a request for renewal of permits for highly qualified specialists;
    • an employment contract or civil contract for works (or services) with the highly skilled specialist, concluded and executed in accordance with the Russian legislation;
    • a copy of the voluntary health insurance contract for the highly qualified specialist and permanently residing on the territory of the Russian Federation together with the highly qualified specialist members of his family who are foreign citizens;
    • information about the amount of salary (remuneration) paid to a qualified specialist employer or customer of works (or services);
    • documents confirming the status of the highly qualified specialist at his place of residence.

Submission of an application by a foreign citizen, asserting himself as a highly qualified specialist.

A foreign citizen has a right to declare himself as a highly qualified specialist by contacting:

    • a representative or representatives of the Department for Migration Affairs of the Russian Federation Russia abroad in the state of nationality of the foreign citizen;
    • the diplomatic mission or consular office of the Russian Federation, with a petition containing information confirming his experience, skills or achievements in a particular field of activity (including confirming the competence and qualifications of the foreign citizen and recommendations of individuals or organizations), and agree to:
      • the storage of the said information in a data bank on the commencement of the foreign national’s work;
      • submit specified information to potential employers or customers of works (or services) in the Russian Federation.
    1. Validity of work permits for highly qualified specialists

A work permit issued to a qualified specialist for the duration of the employment contract concluded by him or a civil contract for works (or services) with its inviting employer or customer of works (or services) is valid for no more than three years. This period of validity may be repeatedly extended for the duration of the employment contract or a civil contract for works (or services), but for no longer than three years for each such extension.

The procedure for issuing a work permit to highly skilled specialists.

Work permits are issued to highly skilled specialists after presenting a document attesting to their identity and being recognized by the Russian Federation as such.

  1. The migration registration, registration (migration registration on the validity of the visa);
  2. Assistance in obtaining a quota for foreign labor force;
  3. Assistance in obtaining a patent for his career.

At the beginning of 2015, Russia introduced new requirements relating to the employment of foreign nationals. In 2014 alone, the territory of the country admitted several millions of migrant workers, most from the CIS, solely for the purposes of gainful employment. Earlier, foreigners arriving to work in the Russian Federation, on the basis of work permits issued in migration management Research Affairs of the Russian Federation were legalized. Now, however, migrants may receive a monthly pay with a special patent. The registration of foreign citizens to work in 2015 with a work patent is not new. This has been available before, but only in respect to citizens who hire themselves out to individuals in the form of personal services, due to the low cost (1,200 rubles per month) and the simplicity of their use. Now, however, the patent will be required by those foreigners who are re-employed in a foreign enterprise and organizations working on the rights of legal persons. This has complicated the procedure for registration of this important document. Now it is a chain of the following actions:

  • Entry into the territory of the Russian Federation. Under the new rules, all foreign nationals, except for nationals of member states of the Customs Union, may enter Russia with a passport only;
  • An application for a patent. A foreigner shall submit to the Department for Migration Affairs of the Russian Federation, for a 30-day period, documents such as certificate of proficiency in the Russian language, history and basic rules of domestic law, Certificate of education (not below average) issued in the territory of the CIS countries to 09/01/1991 or qualification certificate, obtained in Russia after 01/09/1991.

Under current law, for the registration of a patent, a foreign citizen must make a series of successive actions, namely:

  1. Make an entry into the territory of the Russian Federation (confirmed by a migration card). Under the new rules, all foreign nationals, except for nationals of member states of the Customs Union, may enter Russia with a passport only. The only exceptions to this rule are the residents of Lugansk and Donetsk regions;
  2. Apply for a patent.            

During the 30-day period, the foreigner is obliged to perform the following steps:

  • To pass the exam on knowledge of the Russian language;
  • To register with the tax office. A foreigner goes to the FTS, where, after checking the documents, they are issued TIN;
  • Buy a medical insurance policy. Any immigrant who comes to work in Russia is required to be tested by four doctors for the absence of: HIV infection, drug addiction, tuberculosis and skin diseases. According to the results of the examinations of these four experts, foreigners must arrange an agreement with the health institution at the place of residence for the provision of any medical help necessary, and obtain a medical insurance policy;
  • Pay for the patent. After the registration of all securities, migrants must pay a monthly amount to the management of Migration Affairs of the Russian Federation for a patent, which, in accordance with recent changes, is 4,000 roubles.

A mandatory and very important condition for the preservation of the patent is to present a work contract to Migration Management Research Affairs of the Russian Federation. Within two months of the registration the foreigner is obliged to submit, to the Department for Migration Affairs of the Russian Federation, a copy of the contract with the employer, certified by the notarys office.

Lawyers SC Mosyurtsentr” will help you to generate the necessary documents for registration of a patent and submit it to the authorities of the Department for Migration Affairs of the Russian Federation, as well as comply with all formalities following the securing of a patent.

    1. Exam on the Russian language

From December 1, 2012 Migrants who work, or plan to work, in the sphere of housing and communal services, retail trade and consumer services in accordance with the Federal Law of November 12, 2012 № 185-FZ, must prove they possess Russian language skills to a specified level. Knowledge of Russian language is supported by one of the following documents:

  • certificate of completion of testing of Russian language (to a degree not lower than the base-level of general population proficiency in Russian), issued by the educational institution in the territory of the Russian Federation or abroad, which the Russian Federation Ministry of Education allowed to carry out state testing of foreign citizens Russian as a foreign language;
  • state documents on education issued by an educational institution in a state which was part of the USSR until September 1, 1991;
  • education documents issued in a foreign country have to be submitted with the application on the study of Russian language course with a notarized translation of the document and a certificate of equivalence of education.

Citizens of countries where Russian is the official language do not have to prove their competence.

To pass the exam to obtain a patent it is necessary to:

  1. Have an original identity document, such as a passport, and its translation, a migration card (for the exam to obtain a patent) (IR), and a temporary residence permit (RWP), passport, passport translation and RVP to receive a residence permit (ENG);
  2. Write an application and sign a contract with the Centre for Testing and legal assistance to migrants;
  3. Pay for the exam at the cashier’s office.

Before testing, the examiner will give you instructions for performing the test, the test time and the rules of registration (a checklist that you receive before you start the exam questions), control sheets and a working pen. For any specific questions on the exam procedure, you can clarify only up until the exam begins. Dictionaries and reference materials are not allowed during the exam, nor is talking to other candidates. At the end of the time allotted for each subtest, the examiner will collect all the material and pass the control list. The exam consists of five parts - subtests in the Russian language, the history subtest, subtest on legislation.

For the category of R & D (foreign worker)

The total time of the test - 90 minutes.

  1. Reading - 15 minutes, 10 questions.
  2. Writing - 15 minutes, 1 question.
  3. Vocabulary and grammar - 15 minutes, 25 questions.
  4. Listening comprehension - 15 minutes, 10 questions.
  5. Speaking - 10 minutes.
  6. History - 15 minutes, 10 questions.
  7. Fundamentals of the legislation - 15 minutes, 10 questions.

To pass the exam, you must score at least 60% for each subtest. However, a score of 50% is acceptable in one of five subtests of Russian language, provided that the remaining four subtests each have a satisfactory pass (60%). A passing score on the history and basics of law is 50%. After passing the test, you will receive a state-recognized certificate, which indicates the level of proficiency in Russian for Foreign Workers”.

For the category of RVP (a temporary residence permit)

Total time of the exam - 135 minutes (2 hours 15 minutes), including:

  • Module “Russian language” - 75 min.
  • Module “History of Russia” - 30 min.
  • Module “Fundamentals of the Legislation” - 30 min.

The module is passed if the tests in this category score at least 70%. However, one of the five subtests may score 60% if all the remaining four subtests are satisfactory (70%).

Module “History of Russia”

The module consists of one component - 20 multiple choice questions. The maximum number of points - 100 (100%)

Category of foreign nationals

Passing score % / Number of correct answers required

Applicants temporary residence permit

50 / (10)

Module “Fundamentals of the Russian Federation”

The module consists of one component - 20 multiple choice questions. The maximum number of points - 100 (100%)

Category of foreign nationals

Passing score % / Number of correct answers required

Applicants for temporary residence permit

50 / (10)

For the category VZ (residence permit)

Total time of the exam - 135 minutes (2 hours 15 minutes), including:

Module Russian language” - 75 min.

Module History of Russia” - 30 min.

Module Fundamentals of the Legislation” - 30 min.

The module is passed if the test scores at least 80%. Thus, one of five subtests say 70% results if all the remaining four subtests are satisfactory (80%).

Module “History of Russia”

The module consists of one component - 20 multiple choice questions. The maximum number of points - 100 (100%)

Category of foreign nationals

Passing score % / Number of correct answers required

Applicants residence

75 / (15)

Module “Fundamentals of the Russian Federation”

The module consists of one component - 20 multiple choice questions. The maximum number of points - 100 (100%)

Category of foreign nationals

Passing score % / Number of correct answers required

Applicants residence

75 / (15)

Testing for Russian citizenship: The test of the level of proficiency in Russian is enough to communicate in a language environment. Successful completion of the exam results in a state certificate of completion testing. In accordance with the Presidential Decree of 14 November 2002 # 1325 On Approval of the order of consideration of issues of citizenship of the Russian Federation”, when they apply for citizenship you must provide proof of ownership of the applicant Russian language at a level sufficient to communicate orally and in writing in a language environment.

Knowledge of Russian language is supported by one of the following documents:

  • certificate of completion of the state test in Russian language (basic level and above);
  • state documents of education issued by an educational institution (up to September 1, 1991 - for a territory of a state, which was part of the Soviet Union, and after September 1, 1991 - on the territory of Russia);
  • education documents issued in a foreign country in which Russian is one of the official languages;
  • education documents issued in a foreign country and have to be posted with the application on the study of Russian language course (with a notarized translation and a certificate of equivalence).

Men over 65 and women over the age of 60 years, as well as incapacitated and disabled people of group 1 are exempt from the requirement to provide these documents. To pass the test on the Russian language, you must:

  • have original identity documents (passport, and its translation, migration card);
  • write an application, sign a contract, pay for testing;
  • have a pen with blue or black pen.

Test Exam consists of 5 parts - subtests:

  1. Reading - 45 minutes.
  2. Letter - 45 minutes.
  3. Vocabulary and grammar - 45 minutes.
  4. Listening - 30 minutes.
  5. Speaking - 30 minutes.

To pass the exam, you must score at least 65% for each subtest. If, in one of them, you score less than 65%, you have the right, for an additional fee (50% of the exam) to be retested for the subtests not passed. Passing the exam results in the issue of a certificate. The certificate indicates the results of test exams. The certificate is valid for two years and may be presented for repeating part of the state testing system in any educational institution. The results of successfully completed subtests are taken into account automatically when re-taking the exam. After successfully passing the test, you will receive a state-recognized certificate, which indicates the level of proficiency in the Russian language.

 

Examples of Russian Language Test

Vocabulary and grammar – Basic

1. We live … a dormitory. :
      (A) in
      (B) to

2. I came to Russia in the winter, in .... :
      (A) February
      (B) November
      (C) In March

3. From the station to the market there is a bus ... 26. :
       (A) figure
       (B) number
       (B) the number of

4. Sergey Vasiliev - known in Russia as … ?
       (A) the Athlete
       (B) sports
       (C) sportswoman

5. Yesterday I met .... :
       (A) from Ivan
       (B) with Ivan
       (C) Ivan

6. Have you seen ...? :
       (A) of our neighbor
       (B) the our neighbor
       (C) our neighbor

7. Your parents like ... music ? :
       (A) modern
       (B) current
       (C) the current
       (D) the modern

8. Is there a … window in this room? :
       (A) high
       (B) large
       (C) the large
       (D) long

9. Tell me where … parents live? :
       (A) your
       (B) yours
       (C) you
       (D) your's

10. We love ... artist. :
       (A) these
       (B) is
       (C) this
       (D) there

11. At home, the students have to do... :
       (A) submission
       (B) in the exercise
       (C) the exercise
       (D) an exercise

12. After studying, Oleg took in the library.... :
       (A) book
       (B) the book
       (C) about the book
       (D) a book

13. It was hard to go … :
       (A) to the university
       (B) to university
       (C) to a university
       (D) from the university

14. In this room there are no ... :
      (A) any computers
      (B) the computer
      (C) a computer
      (D) computer

15. I showed the photo of … to my brother. :
       (A) my girlfriend
       (B) the my girlfriend
       (C) a my girlfriend
       (D) me girlfriend

16. I did not know that Ivan ... a sports car. :
       (A) has
       (B) have
       (C) is
       (D) having

17. I do not have a pen. Please …., your pen for a moment. :
       (A) Give me
       (B) Take me

18. Do you have the "Moscow" magazine? ... me please. :
       (A) Display
       (B) Show

19. Marina ... tennis in the sports club. :
       (A) plays
       (B) games
       (C) do

20. My friends ... to visit St. Petersburg very much. :
       (A) want
       (B) wants
      (C) like

21. Do you like to ... detectives or comedies? :
     

        (A) see
        (B) watch
        (C) look

22. Hi, where did you ... last night? :
     

        (A) go
        (B) walked
        (C) went

23. We ... the room and saw the new student. :
       

         (A) left
         (B) came
        (C) enter

24. I often call my friend ... studied with me at school. :
     

      (A) which
      (B) that
      (С) is
      (D) what

25. Recently I was in the town ... my father was born. :
       

        (A) where
        (B) when
       (С) what
       (D) because

 

Test Letter

Subtest 3. LETTER

Instructions.

The execution of sub-test - 15 minutes.

Subtest comprises one task.

Dictionaries can be used during this sub-test. Do you want to resign from your job? Fill in this blank letter of resignation.

Director ___________________________ (name of organization)

___________________________________ (name, initials Director)

by ____________________________ (position)

___________________________________ (Full Name)

Statement

I ask to be dismissed, of my own accord, because ___” _____________ 2014.

Date Signature

Reading Test

Start form

Part I.

Task 1-3. Read the message and find a logical continuation of this information in the variants (A, B, C).



1. Sorry, I did not understand what you said. ….. :
       

      (A) Please show me!
      (B) Repeat, please!
      (C) Call, please!

2. It's cold outside, .... :

      (A) I will buy an umbrella
      (B) I need a bag
      (C) I need to buy a coat

3. How are you feeling? ... :

       (A) - Thank you, fine.
       (B) - Thank you, I don't want.
       (C) - Let's go to watch a movie!

 

Part II.

Assignments 4-5. Read the ads and select the information that corresponds to the content of ads.
 


4. On Saturday, at 19.00, there will be a disco in our school. :
       (A) to do sports
       (B) to dance
       (C) to watch a movie.

The shop is open 24 hours. :

       (A) in the morning, afternoon, evening and even at night
       (B) in the morning, afternoon, evening
       (C) only at night

 

Assignments 6-8. In what magazine or newspaper, you can read this information?



6. Today at the airport "Sheremetyevo", Russian journalists met with the president of France. :
     

        (A) fashion magazine
        (B) the newspaper "Today"
        (C) the newspaper "Sport"

7. In Moscow, at the stadium "Luzhniki", teams "Dynamo" and "Real" will play football. :

       (A) the magazine "Theatre"
       (B) the magazine "Science and Life"
       (C) the newspaper "Sport"

8. The scientists say that soon people will be healthy and will live 200 years.

       (A) "Literary newspaper"
       (B) the magazine "Science and Life"
       (C) the magazine "Theatre"

 

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